Hospital La Paloma
Coronary angioplasty a non-surgical alternative to coronary bypass. Coronary angioplasty dilates the narrowed coronary artery and restores normal blood flow to the heart muscle.
Coronary angioplasty takes place in the Haemodinamics room under local anaesthetic.
First, a diagnostic catheterisation is conducted to check for arterial obstruction. If coronary artery disease is diagnosed after the cardiac catherisation, an intracoronary guide is inserted.
This guide is used to support other catheters with a small balloon at the tip, which is guided to the stenotic area and swollen to dilate the artery.
Sometimes, the angioplasty involves a stent placement. A stent is a small and cylindrical structure that prevents a re-narrowing of the artery. The balloon is folded into the stent and, when it swells, it places it at the site of the blockage.
BEFORE THE PROCEDURE
Patients should undergo a preliminary test to evaluate the specific characteristics of their intervention.
Furthermore, they must undergo a standard preoperative study that includes blood tests, electrocardiogram, etc.
Also, if they have any chronic illness or regularly take medications, especially anticoagulants, they should inform the surgeon before surgery.
AFTER THE PROCEDURE:
After a Coronary angioplasty, patients stay in the intensive care unit for at least 12 hours and one more day in hospital.
If the insertion zone is the femoral artery (groin), patients must rest in bed with the affected leg stretched out, for 12 hours at least.
Intense sports and efforts are not recommended for the initial two days after cardiac catherisation.