Trasplante de córnea penetrante (córnea incluida)
Penetrating corneal transplantation
Corneal transplantation or keratoplasty, involves replacing the patient's corneal tissue by a graft from a donor. The new cornea is attached to the eye of the receiver with a suture.
Cornea transplants are performed with femtosecond laser, which allows the surgeon greater control over the size and thickness of the tissue to be replaced.
The most common type of corneal transplant is called "penetrating keratoplasty," which consists of the complete replacement of the cornea.
The lamellar keratoplasty just replaces the inner and outer layers of the cornea.
In either case, the procedure is performed on an outpatient basis under local anesthesia.
BEFORE THE PROCEDURE
Patients must attend a previous medical visit in which they will undergo specific tests. The surgeon will tell them if they must use some eye drops in the days before the intervention.
They should let the surgeon know if they have a chronic illness or are taking anticoagulant drugs.
There is a specific organ transplant protocol that must be followed to select the appropriate donor for the recipient. This protocol begins with the organ transplant request and ends with its implantation.
AFTER THE PROCEDURE:
As recipients of a transplant, patients have a strict protocol. They must follow all the post surgical instructions on medication to be used to prevent infection or rejection. The monitoring protocol requires several visits to the ophthalmologist for at least 15 days.