Cholecystectomy (laparoscopic surgery)

DEFINITION:

Cholecystectomy is the surgery used to remove a damaged gallbladder.

Usually, this surgery is made when gallstones appears. They are solid stones that block the flow of bile. 

Cholecystectomy can be performed by open or laparoscopic surgery.

DESCRIPTION:

In both surgeries the procedure is performed under general anesthesia and takes about an hour.

Laparoscopic cholecystectomy is done through small incisions and requires one day of hospitalisation. The traditional cholecystectomy requires a larger incision to remove the gallbladder and requires patients to remain hospitalised for several days after surgery,

BEFORE THE PROCEDURE

Patients should undergo a preliminary test to evaluate the specific characteristics of their intervention.
Furthermore, they must undergo a standard preoperative study that includes blood tests, electrocardiogram, etc.

Also, if they have any chronic illness or regularly take medications, especially anticoagulants, they should inform the surgeon before surgery.

AFTER THE PROCEDURE:

After the operation patients should follow a special diet of liquids and soft foods for three or four weeks.

During the first few days, patients may feel nausea and discomfort, so a moderate period of rest is recommended.

Patients will recover their normal diet and activity gradually.