Rehabilitation of Brain Damage
Neuro-rehabilitation, neurological rehabilitation or rehabilitation of Brain Damage is the integral assistance of people who present a disability derived from a central neurological injury. Depending on the severity of the lesion, its extent and location, there may be deficits at motor, sensory, sensory, cognitive, behavioral, speech and swallowing problems, sphincter control, etc ...
Neurological Rehabilitation or Neurorehabilitation should be started from the moment of discharge from the ICUs or the Stroke Units, and should be started early, intensive, individual and multidisciplinary, taking advantage of the greater neuroplastic responsiveness of the brain. Monographic Health Centers specialized in Brain Damage are the most appropriate places to improve the final result and decrease disability and dependence.
Mobility, cognition and behavior are the aspects that people rely on to maintain normality and are affected when we suffer brain damage. According to the degree of alteration of these functions we will need a type of treatment, a different number of daily therapies and a longer duration of the recovery process. It is the treatment that adapts to the type of patient and injury and not the other way around.
Brain damage can be caused by several causes, the main ones being:
- Cranioencephalic injuries
- Neurodegenerative diseases
- Anoxias and cerebral hypoxia
- Tumors and encephalopathies